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Kinds of Sentences

Declarative - A declarative sentence makes a statement. A declarative sentence ends with a period.

Example: The house will be built on a hill.


Interrogative - An interrogative sentence asks a question. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark.

Example: How did you find the card?


Exclamatory - An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. An exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark.

Example: The monster is attacking!


Imperative - An imperative sentence gives a command.

Example: Cheryl, try the other door.

Sometimes the subject of an imperative sentence (you) is understood.

Example: Look in the closet. (You, look in the closet.)


Identify the kind of sentence. The first two have been done for you.

1. Why do you believe that? interrogative
2. I want to know why you believe that. declarative  (This is not a question. This is a statement.)
3. Please accept my apology.                  ___________________
4. Your face is frightening the baby! _________________
5. My shoe is on fire! ________________________
6. When did you first notice that your shoe was on fire? _________________
7. My doctor told me to take these vitamins. ________________________
8. Ask Doris for the recipe. ______________________________
9. Did you solve the puzzle yet? __________________________
10. Ann, hand me your coat. ______________________________
11. It’s hard to believe that this paper is made from wood. ________________
12. There are more apples in the refrigerator. ______________________
13. We’re on the wrong planet! ______________________
14. Will Patricia pause to place poached pickles on Paula’s pretty plate? _____
15. I would send her a gift if I were you. _________________
16. Send her a nice gift. ________________________

Copyright 1999 RHL


 Independent Clause (complete sentence) - An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence.  Here is an example: We walk to school.  This sentence expresses a complete thought and can stand alone.

Dependent Clause (incomplete sentence)- A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence.  Here is an example: when the cake is done baking  This clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone.

An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.

Example: I visited my grandma.  (independent sentence

Directions:  Underline the Independent clause (or clauses) in each of the following sentences:

1) I was angry because Brian took my pencil.

2) Although we had no money, we went into the store to convince the storekeeper to give us some milk.

3) The man complained that there was no bread.

4) In the story, the author told how useful a sled can be.

5) The houses were grouped into villages and defended by a stockade or moat.

6) The dog was at the clinic for an hour while the splinter was being removed.

7) Because he is older than his sister, he bosses her around.

8) John is so strong; he has won many wrestling matches.

9) The latch broke off the handle.

10) The ball bounced over the fence, and was lost.



1.  when Mr. Jones yelled  Independent   Dependent

2.  I enjoy the opera Independent   Dependent

3.  unless it comes today Independent   Dependent

4.  although I lost the library book  Independent   Dependent

5.  they're going on a picnic Independent   Dependent