Types of Poems


Haiku- a poem that consists of three lines.  It has seventeen syllables total. The poem has to do with nature.

Line one : five syllables

Line two: seven syllables

Line three: five syllables

Example:  count the syllables on each line NOT THE WORDS

Title: The Party in the Woods

I                  had                       a                 party

1                       2                         3                  4    5

I                  had                       a                 marvelous   time.

1                       2                         3                  4    5    6          7

We              partied                  till               nine.

1                   2      3                                           5

Acrostic- a poem that spells a word downward.     TOP

Two people going for a ride

On a goat that likes to slide

Plummeted to the ground on a glide.

Limerick-a poem that has five lines. The pattern is AABBA

Lines 1, 2, 5 rhyme.

Lines 3 and 4 rhyme.

There was an old man with a beard,

Who said, “It is just as I feared.”

Two owls and a hen,

Four larks and a wren,

Have all built their nests in my beard.


beard  A        feared A       hen B                wren          B       beard A

Couplet- two lines in a poem that rhyme.

Diamante- a poem that is shaped like a diamond when written.

Sonnet – a 14 line poem usually used by Shakesphere

Ballards-are poems that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain set to music

Blank Verse – a poem that is unrhymed

Epic – are long, serious poems that tells the story of a heroic figure. Some of the most famous epic poems are the Iliad and the Odyssey by Homer and the epic poem of The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow ( 1807 - 1882 ) .

Conceit - where an image or metaphor likens one thing to something else that is seemingly very different