S.A.T. Vocabulary


1. Ascetic (adjective)

1: practicing strict self-denial as a measure of personal and especially spiritual discipline

2: stern in appearance, manner, or attitude

2. Astute (adjective)

1: Having or showing shrewdness, being crafty

3. Attribute (verb)

1: to explain by indicating a cause 

2 a : to regard as a characteristic of a person or thing

   b : to reckon as made or originated in an indicated fashion

   c : to classify or designate

4. Austere (adjective)

a : stern and cold in appearance or manner

b : somber, grave

2: morally strict, ascetic

3: markedly simple or unadorned

4: giving little or no scope for pleasure 

5: of a wine : having the flavor of acid or tannin predominant over fruit flavors usually indicating a capacity for aging

5. Belie (verb)

1 a : to give a false impression of

   b : to present an appearance not in agreement with

2 a : to show (something) to be false or wrong

   b : to run counter to, to contradict

3: to disguise 

6. Bolster (noun)

1: a long pillow or cushion

2: a structural part designed to eliminate friction or provide support or bearing

Bolster (verb)

1: to boost

2. to encourage or lift up

7. Braggart (noun)

1: a loud arrogant boaster

8. Calculated (verb)

1: likely to

2 a : worked out by mathematical calculation

   b : engaged in, undertaken, or displayed after reckoning or estimating the statistical probability of success or failure 

3 a : planned or contrived to accomplish a purpose

   b : deliberate, intended

9. Candor (noun)

a : whiteness, brilliance

b: obsolete : unstained purity

c: freedom from prejudice or malice : fairness

10. Censorious (adjective)

1: marked by or given to judgment involving condemnation.

2: critical fault finding

11. Concede (verb)

1: to grant as a right or privilege

2 a: to accept as true, valid, just, or accurate 

   b: to acknowledge hesitantly 

12. Conciliatory (verb)

1: to gain (as goodwill) by pleasing acts

2: to make compatible, to reconcile

3: to appease

13. Conciliatory (adjective)

1: tending to win over

14. Concise (adjective)

1 a: marked by a short/direct expression or statement 

   b: free from all elaboration and superfluous detail

   c: expressing much in few words.

15. Conflagration (noun)

1: Fire; especially a large disasterous fire

2: Conflict, war

16. Confound (transitive verb)

1 a: to bring to ruin or to destroy

   b: to baffle or frustrate

2 to consume or to waste

3 a: to put to shame 

   b: to refute

4 to damn or condem

5 to throw (a person) into confusion or perplexity

6 a: to fail to discern differences between, to mix up

   b: to increase the confusion of

17. Contentious (adjective)

1: likely to cause disagreement or argument

2: exhibiting an often wearisome tendency to quarrel and dispute

18. Contract (verb)

1 a: to bring on oneself especially inadvertently 

   b: to become affected with 

2 a: to establish or undertake by contract 

   bto establish (a marriage) formally

   c: to hire by contract, or to purchase (as goods or services) on a contract basis often used with out

3 a: to limit or restrict

   b: to knit or wrinkle 

   c: to draw together or concentrate

4: to reduce to smaller size by or as if by squeezing or forcing together 

5: to shorten (as a word) by omitting one or more sounds or letters

6: to make a contract

19. Conviction (noun)

1: the act or process of finding a person guilty of a crime especially in a court of law

2 a: the act of convincing a person of error or of compelling the admission of a truth

    b: the state of being convinced of error or compelled to admit the truth

3: a strong persuasion or belief

20. Credulity (noun)

1: readiness or willingness to believe especially on slight or uncertain evidence



1. Criterion (noun)

a standard of judgment or criticism; a rule or principle forevaluating or testing something.

2. Cursory 

going rapidly over something, without noticing details; hasty;superficial

3. Curtail


to cut short; cut off a part of; abridge; reduce; diminish.

4. Decorum (noun)


dignified propriety of behavior, speech, dress, etc.


the quality or state of being decorous;  orderliness;regularity.


Usually, decorums. an observance or requirement of politesociety.

5. Deference (



respectful submission or yielding to the judgment, opinion, will, etc., of another.


respectful or courteous regard:


6. Degradation


the act of putting down or degrading.
the state of being degraded, a decline to a low, destitute, or demoralized state. Moral or intellectual decadence.
Physical Geography the wearing down of the land by theerosive action of water, wind, or ice.
Chemistry the breakdown of an organic compound.

7. Delineate 

(transitive verb)


to trace the outline of; sketch or trace in outline; representpictorially: He delineated the state of Texas on the map with ared pencil.


to portray in words; describe or outline with precision:


8. Denounce 

(transitive verb)


to condemn or censure openly or publicly


to make a formal accusation against, as to the police or in acourt.


to give formal notice of the termination or denial of (atreaty, pact, agreement, or the like).


Archaic to announce or proclaim, especially as somethingevil or calamitous.


Obsolete to portend.


9. Depravity (



a corrupt act or practice


the quality or state of being corrupt


10. Deride (transitive verb)


1. to laugh at in scorn or contempt; scoff or jeer at; mock.

2. to subjuect to usually bitter or contemptuous ridicule. 


11. Derivative (noun)

1: a word formed by the act of forming a word from another word or base

2: something being, possessing, or marked by a character (as the large brain in humans) not present in the ancestral form

3: the limit of the ratio of the change in a function to the corresponding change in its independent variable as the latter change approaches zero

4a : a chemical substance related structurally to another substance and theoretically derivable from it

b : a substance that can be made from another substance

5: a contract or security that derives its value from that of an underlying asset (as another security) or from the value of a rate (as of interest or currency exchange) or index of asset value (as a stock index)

12. Deterrent (noun & adjective)

1: serving to turn aside, discourage or prevent from acting on

2: to be a prevention or obstacle

3: relating to the restricting or forbidding of criminal behavior by fear especially of punishment

13. Devise (verb)

1: to form in the mind by new combinations or applications of ideas or principles, to invent

2: to conceive a plan or idea, to imagine

3: to plan to obtain or bring about, to plot against

4: to give (real estate) by will 

14. Digression (noun)

1: the act or an instance of turning aside especially from the main subject of attention or course of argument in a discourse or other usually organized literary work

15. Diligence (noun)

1: persevering application

2: speed, haste

3: the attention and care legally expected or required of a person (as a party to a contract)

16. Diminution (noun)

1: the act or process, or an instance of diminishing or degrading

17. Discerning (adjective)

1: showing insight and understanding





adjective \-d?nt\

1a : being at variance : disagreeing <discordant opinions>

b : quarrelsome <a discordant family>

2: relating to a discord <a discordant tone>



noun \'dis-?kau?nt\

1: a reduction made from the gross amount or value of something: as

a (1) : a reduction made from a regular or list price (2) : a proportionate deduction from a debt account usually made for cash or prompt payment

b : a deduction made for interest in advancing money upon or purchasing a bill or note not due

2: the act or practice of discounting

3: a deduction taken or allowance made



noun \(?)dis-?in-kl?-'na-sh?n, -?si?-\

: a preference for avoiding something : slight aversion



transitive verb \di-'sper-ij, -'spa-rij\


1: to lower in rank or reputation : degrade

2: to depreciate by indirect means (as invidious comparison) : speak slightingly about



adjective \-sh?s\

1a : inclined to dispute

b : marked by disputation

2: provoking debate : controversial



transitive verb \di-'se-m?-?nat\


1: to spread abroad as though sowing seed <disseminate ideas>

2: to disperse throughout



intransitive verb \di-'sent\

1: to withhold assent

2: to differ in opinion


1: difference of opinion <heard voices of dissent at the meeting>: as

a : religious nonconformity

b : a justice's nonconcurrence with a decision of the majority —called also dissenting opinion

c : political opposition to a government or its policies <attempts to suppress domestic dissent>



adjective \-j?nt\

1a : diverging from each other <divergent paths>

b : differing from each other or from a standard <the divergent interests of capital and labor>

2: relating to or being an infinite sequence that does not have a limit or an infinite series whose partial sums do not have a limit

3: causing divergence of rays <a divergent lens>



adjective \'dü-be-?s also dyü-\

1: giving rise to uncertainty: as

a : of doubtful promise or outcome <a dubious plan>

b : questionable or suspect as to true nature or quality <the practice is of dubious legality>

2: unsettled in opinion : doubtful <I was dubious about the plan>





noun \du?-'pli-s?-te also dyu?-\

plural du·plic·i·ties

1: contradictory doubleness of thought, speech, or action; especially : the belying of one's true intentions by deceptive words or action

2: the quality or state of being double or twofold

3: the technically incorrect use of two or more distinct items (as claims, charges, or defenses) in a single legal action





adjective \e-'klek-tik, i-\

1: selecting what appears to be best in various doctrines, methods, or styles

2: composed of elements drawn from various sources; also : heterogeneous

2. eloquence

noun \'e-l?-kw?n(t)s\

1: discourse marked by force and persuasiveness; also : the art or power of using such discourse

2: the quality of forceful or persuasive expressiveness

3. elusive

adjective \e-'lü-siv, -'lü-ziv\

1: tending to elude: as

a : tending to evade grasp or pursuit <elusive prey>

b : hard to comprehend or define

c : hard to isolate or identify

4. embellish

transitive verb \im-'be-lish\

1: to make beautiful with ornamentation : decorate <a book embellished with illustrations>

2: to heighten the attractiveness of by adding decorative or fanciful details : enhance <embellished our account of the trip>

5. endorse

transitive verb \in-'d?rs, en-\


1a : to write on the back of; especially : to sign one's name as payee on the back of (a check) in order to obtain the cash or credit represented on the face

b : to inscribe (one's signature) on a check, bill, or note

c : to inscribe (as an official document) with a title or memorandum

d : to make over to another (the value represented in a check, bill, or note) by inscribing one's name on the document

e : to acknowledge receipt of (a sum specified) by one's signature on a document

2a : to approve openly <endorse an idea>; especially : to express support or approval of publicly and definitely <endorse a mayoral candidate>

b : to recommend (as a product or service) usually for financial compensation <shoes endorsed by a pro basketball player

6. enigma

noun \i-'nig-m?, e-\

1: an obscure speech or writing

2: something hard to understand or explain

3: an inscrutable or mysterious person

7. ephemeral

adjective \i-'fem-r?l, -'fem-; -'fe-m?-, -'fe-\

1: lasting one day only <an ephemeral fever>

2: lasting a very short time <ephemeral pleasures>

ephem·er·al·ly \-r?-le\ adverb

8. equivocal

adjective \i-'kwi-v?-k?l\

1a : subject to two or more interpretations and usually used to mislead or confuse <an equivocal statement>

b : uncertain as an indication or sign <equivocal evidence>

2a : of uncertain nature or classification <equivocal shapes>

b : of uncertain disposition toward a person or thing : undecided <an equivocal attitude>

c : of doubtful advantage, genuineness, or moral rectitude <equivocal behavior>

9. erroneous

adjective \i-'ro-ne-?s, e-\

1: containing or characterized by error : mistaken <erroneous assumptions> <gave an erroneous impression>

2archaic : wandering

10. erudite

adjective \'er-?-?dit, 'er-y?-\

: having or showing knowledge that is gained by studying : possessing or displaying erudition

11. esoteric

adjective \?e-s?-'ter-ik, -'te-rik\

1a : designed for or understood by the specially initiated alone <a body of esoteric legal doctrine — B. N. Cardozo>

b : requiring or exhibiting knowledge that is restricted to a small group <esoteric terminology>; broadly : difficult to understand <esoteric subjects>

2a : limited to a small circle <engaging in esoteric pursuits>

b : private, confidential <an esoteric purpose>

3: of special, rare, or unusual interest <esoteric building materials>

12. lofty

adjective \'l?f-te\


1a : elevated in character and spirit : noble <lofty ideals>

b : elevated in status : superior

2: having a haughty overbearing manner : supercilious

3a : rising to a great height : impressively high <lofty mountains>

b : remote, esoteric

4: having full-bodied, firm, and resilient textile fibers <lofty flannel>

13. miserly

adjective \'mi-z?r-le\

1: of, relating to, or characteristic of a miser; especially : marked by grasping meanness and penuriousness

14. vigor

noun \'vi-g?r\

1: active bodily or mental strength or force

2: active healthy well-balanced growth especially of plants

3: intensity of action or effect : force

4: effective legal status

15. vilify

transitive verb \'vi-l?-?fi\

1: to lower in estimation or importance

2: to utter slanderous and abusive statements against : defame

16. virtuoso

noun \-'o-(?)so, -(?)zo\

plural vir·tu·o·sos or vir·tu·o·si\-(?)se, -(?)ze\

1: an experimenter or investigator especially in the arts and sciences : savant

2: one skilled in or having a taste for the fine arts

3: one who excels in the technique of an art; especially : a highly skilled musical performer (as on the violin)

4: a person who has great skill at some endeavor <a computer virtuoso>

17. zealot

noun \'ze-l?t\

1capitalized : a member of a fanatical sect arising in Judea during the first century a.d. and militantly opposing the Roman domination of Palestine

2: a zealous person; especially : a fanatical partisan <a religious zealot>

18. placate

transitive verb \'pla-?kat, 'pla-\

pla·cat·ed pla·cat·ing

1: to soothe or mollify especially by concessions : appease

19. pretentious

adjective \pri-'ten(t)-sh?s\

1: characterized by pretension: as

a : making usually unjustified or excessive claims (as of value or standing) <the pretentious fraud who assumes a love of culture that is alien to him — Richard Watts>

b : expressive of affected, unwarranted, or exaggerated importance, worth, or stature <pretentious language> <pretentious houses>

2: making demands on one's skill, ability, or means : ambitious

20. dogmatic

adjective \d?g-'ma-tik, däg-\

1: characterized by or given to the expression of opinions very strongly or positively as if they were facts <a dogmatic critic>

2: of or relating to dogma



1. subordinate

adjective \s?-'b?r-d?-n?t, -'b?rd-n?t\

1: placed in or occupying a lower class, rank, or position : inferior <a subordinate officer>

2: submissive to or controlled by authority

3: of, relating to, or constituting a clause that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb


noun \s?-'b?r-d?-n?t, -'b?rd-n?t\

: one who stands in order or rank below another : one that is subordinate


transitive verb \s?-'b?r-d?-?nat\


1: to make subject or subservient

2: to treat as of less value or importance <stylist … whose crystalline prose subordinates content to form — Susan Heath>

2. substantiate

transitive verb \s?b-'stan(t)-she-?at\

1: to give substance or form to : embody

2: to establish by proof or competent evidence : verify

3. sycophant

noun \-f?nt also -?fant\\'si-k?-f?nt also 'si- & -?fant\

: a servile self-seeking flatterer

4. taciturn

adjective \'ta-s?-?t?rn\

: temperamentally disinclined to talk

5. temper

transitive verb \'tem-p?r\


1: to dilute, qualify, or soften by the addition or influence of something else : moderate <temper justice with mercy>
2a: to exercise control over : govern, restrain1: to dilute, qualify, or soften by the addition or influence of something else : moderate <temper justice with mercy> 

b: to cause to be well disposed : mollify <tempered and reconciled them both — Richard Steele>

3: to bring to a suitable state by mixing in or adding a usually liquid ingredient: as

a: to mix (clay) with water or a modifier (as grog) and knead to a uniform texture

b: to mix oil with (colors) in making paint ready for use

4a (1) : to soften (as hardened steel or cast iron) by reheating at a lower temperature (2) : to harden (as steel) by reheating and cooling in oil

b: to anneal or toughen (glass) by a process of gradually heating and cooling

5: to make stronger and more resilient through hardship : toughen <troops tempered in battle>

6a: to put in tune with something : attune

b: to adjust the pitch of (a note, chord, or instrument) to a temperament



1a archaic : a suitable proportion or balance of qualities : a middle state between extremes : mean, medium <virtue is…a just temper between propensities — T. B. Macaulay>

b archaic : character, quality <the temper of the land you design to sow — John Mortimer>

c: characteristic tone : trend <the temper of the time

d: high quality of mind or spirit : courage

2a: the state of a substance with respect to certain desired qualities (as hardness, elasticity, or workability); especially : the degree of hardness or resiliency given steel by tempering

b: the feel and relative solidity of leather

3a: a characteristic cast of mind or state of feeling : disposition

b: calmness of mind : composure

c: state of feeling or frame of mind at a particular time usually dominated by a single strong emotion

d: heat of mind or emotion : proneness to anger : passion <she has a real temper>

4: a substance (as a metal) added to or mixed with something else (as another metal) to modify the properties of the latter

6. terse

adjective \'t?rs\

1: smoothly elegant : polished

2: using few words : devoid of superfluity <a terse summary>; also : short, brusque <dismissed me with a terse “no”>

7. unwarranted

adjective /??n'wôr?ntid/

: not justified or authorized

8. vacillate

intransitive verb \'va-s?-?lat\


1a: to sway through lack of equilibrium

b: fluctuate, oscillate

2: to waver in mind, will, or feeling : hesitate in choice of opinions or courses

vac·il·lat·ing·ly adverb

vac·il·la·tor noun

9. venerate

transitive verb \'ve-n?-?rat\

1: to regard with reverential respect or with admiring deference

2: to honor (as an icon or a relic) with a ritual act of devotion

10. verbose

adjective \(?)v?r-'bos\

1: containing more words than necessary : wordy <a verbose reply>; also : impaired by wordiness <a verbose style>
2: given to wordiness <a verbose orator>1: containing more words than necessary : wordy <a verbose reply>; also : impaired by wordiness <a verbose style>




1. ex·ac·er·bate transitive verb \ig-'za-s?r-?bat\

: to make more violent, bitter, or severe

2. eu·phe·mism noun \'yü-f?-?mi-z?m\

: the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant

3. fa·nat·i·cism noun \f?-'na-t?-?si-z?m\

: fanatic outlook or behavior

4. fas·tid·i·ous adjective \fa-'sti-de-?s, f?-\


2a : having high and often capricious standards : difficult to please

b : showing or demanding excessive delicacy or care

c : reflecting a meticulous, sensitive, or demanding attitude

3: having complex nutritional requirements

5. laud noun \'l?d\

1 an office of solemn praise to God forming with matins the first of the canonical hours

2 praise, acclaim

transitive verb

: to praise, extol

6. le·thar·gic adjective \l?-'thär-jik, le-\

1: of, relating to, or characterized by laziness or lack of energy : feeling or affected by lethargy : sluggish

2: indifferent, apathetic

7. mit·i·gate transitive verb \'mi-t?-?gat\

1: to cause to become less harsh or hostile, mollify

2: to make less severe or painful : alleviate

8. mun·dane adjective \?m?n-'dan, 'm?n-?\

1: of, relating to, or characteristic of the world

2: characterized by the practical, transitory, and ordinary, common

9. no·to·ri·e·ty noun \?no-t?-'ri-?-te\

1: the quality or state of being notorious

2: a notorious person

10. nov·el·ty noun \'nä-v?l-te\

1: something new or unusual

2: the quality or state of being novel : newness

3: a small manufactured article intended mainly for personal or household adornment —usually used in plural

4: something (as a song or food item) that provides often fleeting amusement and is often based on a theme —often used attributively



Recluse (adjective \'re-?klüs, ri-'klüs, 're-?klüz\)

: marked by withdrawal from society : solitary

rhetoric (noun \'re-t?-rik\)

1: the art of speaking or writing effectively: as

a : the study of principles and rules of composition formulated by critics of ancient times

b : the study of writing or speaking as a means of communication or persuasion

2a : skill in the effective use of speech

b : a type or mode of language or speech; also : insincere or grandiloquent language

3: verbal communication : discourse

rigor (noun \'ri-g?r\)

1a (1) : harsh inflexibility in opinion, temper, or judgment : severity (2) : the quality of being unyielding or inflexible : strictness (3) : severity of life : austerity

b : an act or instance of strictness, severity, or cruelty

2: a tremor caused by a chill

3: a condition that makes life difficult, challenging, or uncomfortable; especially : extremity of cold

4: strict precision : exactness <logical rigor>

5a obsolete : rigidity, stiffness

b : rigidness or torpor of organs or tissue that prevents response to stimuli

PHENOMENA - (noun)

1: observable facts or events

heresy (noun \'her-?-se, 'he-r?-\)


1:a : adherence to a religious opinion contrary to church dogma

b : denial of a revealed truth by a baptized member of the Roman Catholic Church

c : an opinion or doctrine contrary to church dogma

2a : dissent or deviation from a dominant theory, opinion, or practice

b : an opinion, doctrine, or practice contrary to the truth or to generally accepted beliefs or standards

homogeneous (adjective \?ho-m?-'je-ne-?s, -ny?s\)

1: of the same or a similar kind or nature

2: of uniform structure or composition throughout <a culturally homogeneous neighborhood>

3: having the property that if each variable is replaced by a constant times that variable the constant can be factored out : having each term of the same degree if all variables are considered <a homogeneous equation>


implement (noun \'im-pl?-m?nt\)

1: an article serving to equip <the implements of religious worship>

2: a device used in the performance of a task : tool, utensil

3: one that serves as an instrument or tool <the partnership agreement does not seem to be a very potent implement — H. B. Hoffman>

impede (transitive verb \im-'ped\)



: to interfere with or slow the progress of

 idiosyncrasy (noun \?i-de-?-'si?-kr?-se\



1a : a peculiarity of constitution or temperament : an individualizing characteristic or quality

b : individual hypersensitiveness (as to a drug or food)

2: characteristic peculiarity (as of temperament); broadly : eccentricity



Medical Definition of IDIOSYNCRASY

1: a peculiarity of physical or mental constitution or temperament

2: individual hypersensitiveness (as to a drug or food) <anemia accompanying the use of a sulfa drug is usually considered to be due to idiosyncrasy>

flagrant adjective \'fla-gr?nt also 'fla-\

1: archaic : fiery hot : burning

2: conspicuously offensive <flagrant errors>; especially : so obviously inconsistent with what is right or proper as to appear to be a flouting of law or morality <flagrant violations of human rights>

fervor noun \'f?r-v?r\

1: intensity of feeling or expression <booing and cheering with almost equal fervor — Alan Rich>

2: intense heat

oblivion noun \?-'bli-ve-?n, o-, ä-\

1: the fact or condition of forgetting or having forgotten; especially : the condition of being oblivious

2: the condition or state of being forgotten or unknown

obscure adjective \äb-'skyu?r, ?b-\

1a : dark, dim

b : shrouded in or hidden by darkness

c : not clearly seen or easily distinguished : faint <obscure markings>

2: not readily understood or clearly expressed; also : mysterious

3: relatively unknown: as

a : remote, secluded <an obscure village>

b : not prominent or famous <an obscure poet>

4: constituting the unstressed vowel \?\ or having unstressed \?\ as its value

skeptic noun \'skep-tik\

1: an adherent or advocate of skepticism

2: a person disposed to skepticism especially regarding religion or religious principles

 su·per·flu·ous adjective \su?-'p?r-flü-?s\

1a : exceeding what is sufficient or necessary : extra

b : not needed : unnecessary

2obsolete : marked by wastefulness : extravagant

 succinct adjective \(?)s?k-'si?(k)t, s?-'si?(k)t\

1a : being girded

b : close-fitting

2: marked by compact precise expression without wasted words <a succinct description>


exemplary adjective \ig-'zem-pl?-re\

1a : serving as a pattern

b : deserving imitation : commendable <his courage was exemplary>; also : deserving imitation because of excellence <they serve exemplary pastries — G. V. Higgins>

2: serving as a warning : monitory <given an exemplary punishment>

3: serving as an example, instance, or illustration <this story is exemplary of her style>

exonerate transitive verb \ig-'zä-n?-?rat, eg-\


1: to relieve of a responsibility, obligation, or hardship

2: to clear from accusation or blame

expedite transitive verb \'ek-sp?-?dit\



1: to execute promptly

2: to accelerate the process or progress of : speed up

3: issue, dispatch

guilenoun \'gi(-?)l\

1: deceitful cunning : duplicity

2:  stratagem, trick