We use the simple present tense for :

1)  Routines, habits, things we do more or less frequently .

                              ex:  I go to school every morning.

2)  Personal information, permanent states( name, age, family, job, likes and dislikes...)

                             ex: we live in Agadir.

3)  Scientific and general truths.

                            ex: the sun rises in the east.

The verb to be (auxiliary)




I am            (I'm)I am not        (I'm not)

Am I ?

You are (You're)You are not  (You aren't)

Are you ?

He is       ( He 's)He is not       ( he isn't)

Is he ?

She is    ( she 's)She is not     (she isn't)

Is she ?

It is                (it's)It is not          ( It isn't)

Is it ?

We are    ( we're)we are not     (we aren't)

are we ?

You are  ( you're)You are not   (you aren't)

are you ?

They are (they're)They are not ( they aren't)

Are they ?

Ordinary verbs ( ex: to work)




I         workI do not work                   (I don't work)

do I work ?

You   workYou do not work            (you don't work)

do you work?

He    worksshe does not work       (she doesn't work)

Does she work?

She   worksshe does not work       (she doesn't work)

Does she work?

It        worksIt does not work             (It doesn't work)

Does it work?

We    workwe do not work               (we don't work)

Do we work?

You   workYou do not work             (you don't work)Do you work?
They  workthey do not work            (you don't work )

Spelling rules for the third person singular:

Most verbs add -s

1st case

add - es

2nd case

drop -y   add -ies

3rd case

keep y add -s

verbs ending in:-s -sh -ch -x -o

consonant  +  y

vowel  +y

ex: to miss→he missesex : to study →he studiesex: to buy →he buys

Pronunciation of third person singular forms:




after vowels and most voiced soundsafter most voiceless soundsafter: /s/ , /z/ , /?/ ,/?/ ,/?/, /?/
ex: goes  /g ? ? z/ex: looks  /l ? k s/ex: pushes /'p ? ? ? z/

Modal verbs (ex: can )

NB: 1- modals are the same in all persons singular and plural ( they do not take -s in the third   person singular present.

         2- they are followed by an infinitive without to .

         3- they do not form the interrogative and negative with do.




I / you / he / she / it / we / they    can

I / you / he / /she / it / we / they can not (can't)

can I / you / he / she / it / we / they ?

The simple present can be used with advebs of frequency to express how often things happen:

Adverbs of frequency and adverbial words:

Always - usually - normally - very often - often - quite often - sometimes -  occasionally -rarely - hardly ever - never - once a week / day /year...etc -on Fridays.. - every day / week /year...etc

Adverbs of frequency are placed before the main verb:

                   ex : He always sends e-mails to his friends

But after auxiliaries and modals:

                   ex: I am never late.

They follow the same pattern in questions.

Never and hardly ever have negative meaning.They are used with affirmative verbs:

                   ex: It never snows in summer.