We use the simple present tense for :
1) Routines, habits, things we do more or less frequently .
ex: I go to school every morning.
2) Personal information, permanent states( name, age, family, job, likes and dislikes...)
ex: we live in Agadir.
3) Scientific and general truths.
ex: the sun rises in the east.
The verb to be (auxiliary)
|I am (I'm)||I am not (I'm not)|
Am I ?
|You are (You're)||You are not (You aren't)|
Are you ?
|He is ( He 's)||He is not ( he isn't)|
Is he ?
|She is ( she 's)||She is not (she isn't)|
Is she ?
|It is (it's)||It is not ( It isn't)|
Is it ?
|We are ( we're)||we are not (we aren't)|
are we ?
|You are ( you're)||You are not (you aren't)|
are you ?
|They are (they're)||They are not ( they aren't)|
Are they ?
Ordinary verbs ( ex: to work)
|I work||I do not work (I don't work)|
do I work ?
|You work||You do not work (you don't work)|
do you work?
|He works||she does not work (she doesn't work)|
Does she work?
|She works||she does not work (she doesn't work)|
Does she work?
|It works||It does not work (It doesn't work)|
Does it work?
|We work||we do not work (we don't work)|
Do we work?
|You work||You do not work (you don't work)||Do you work?|
|They work||they do not work (you don't work )|
Spelling rules for the third person singular:
Most verbs add -s
add - es
drop -y add -ies
keep y add -s
verbs ending in:-s -sh -ch -x -o
consonant + y
|ex: to miss→he misses||ex : to study →he studies||ex: to buy →he buys|
Pronunciation of third person singular forms:
|after vowels and most voiced sounds||after most voiceless sounds||after: /s/ , /z/ , /?/ ,/?/ ,/?/, /?/|
|ex: goes /g ? ? z/||ex: looks /l ? k s/||ex: pushes /'p ? ? ? z/|
Modal verbs (ex: can )
NB: 1- modals are the same in all persons singular and plural ( they do not take -s in the third person singular present.
2- they are followed by an infinitive without to .
3- they do not form the interrogative and negative with do.
I / you / he / she / it / we / they can
I / you / he / /she / it / we / they can not (can't)
can I / you / he / she / it / we / they ?
The simple present can be used with advebs of frequency to express how often things happen:
Adverbs of frequency and adverbial words:
Always - usually - normally - very often - often - quite often - sometimes - occasionally -rarely - hardly ever - never - once a week / day /year...etc -on Fridays.. - every day / week /year...etc
Adverbs of frequency are placed before the main verb:
ex : He always sends e-mails to his friends
But after auxiliaries and modals:
ex: I am never late.
They follow the same pattern in questions.
Never and hardly ever have negative meaning.They are used with affirmative verbs:
ex: It never snows in summer.